Historias Unknown


March 23, 2023

Comandanta Ramona

Comandanta Ramona was born in 1959. She was a Tzotzil Mayan woman & a revolutionary Zapatista who championed indigenous women’s rights. In this episode, Carmen tells Cristina about Comandanta Ramona’s legacy and Cristina has ...

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March 16, 2023

Juana La Avanzadora

Juana Ramirez was born in 1790, she was a soldier, a heroine of the Venezuelan war for independence and a formerly enslaved Afro-Venezuelan. She earned the name La Avanzadora (the Advancer) , a title earned because she was th...

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March 9, 2023

Maria Remedios del Valle, the Mother of the Homeland

Maria Remedios del Valle is an Afro-Argentine woman, born in 1766 in Buenos Aires and through her brave fighting in the war for independence, she earned the title of "Mother of the Homeland", la madre de la patria. She had …

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March 2, 2023

Azucena Villaflor & Las Madres de la Plaza de Mayo

In 1976, Azucena Villaflor's seemingly normal life, changed forever. Her son Nestor, and his girlfriend disappeared, during a time when many people were disappearing in Argentina. She looked for him and when she was ignored b...

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Feb. 23, 2023

Toña la Negra

One woman, one Black Mexican woman, made history singing Boleros and in Mexican music. She had a voice like no other. She was Toña la Negra. She was a Black Mexican woman, of Haitian ancestry, performing, singing, dancing, i...

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Feb. 16, 2023

A Brief History of The Young Lords and Denise Oliver-Velez

The Young Lords started as a street gang in the Lincoln Park in Chicago, but not long after, they became a political organization, working with the Black Panthers and other groups in the Rainbow Coalition. They still fight to...

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Feb. 9, 2023

Gaspar Yanga

Usually when discussing the enslavement of Africans, the United States immediately comes to mind and many, don't even think about Latin America. The trafficking of enslaved Black people in Mexico was thriving, especially from...

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Feb. 2, 2023

Protests Against Bukele

Despite numerous human rights violations, fraud, authoritarianism, and corruption, the Salvadoran President, Bukele, has immense support from Salvadorans, but even among intense oppression, there are also brave dissidents who...

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Jan. 26, 2023

Hero Dogs That Made History

During chaos, disasters and loss, it seems that you can look and always see a furry friend, there to help. Hero dogs like Frida, who rescued many after earthquakes, but also unofficial rescue dogs like Citla, who was known to...

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Jan. 19, 2023

The History of Gum and Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

Gum or forms of gum have been used by people for the longest time, but the commercialization of gum is relatively new, in terms of history. In the Americas, indigenous peoples have been chewing gum for, well, forever. In the …

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Jan. 12, 2023

El Salvador: Bukele and the State of Exception

On March 25, 2022, until the 28th, 87 homicides took place in El Salvador. These 3 deadly days led President Nayib Bukele to enact a State of Exception. The state of exception is temporary, to address emergency situations, bu...

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Jan. 5, 2023

El Salvador: the History of Bukele

A democratic two party government was put in place after the long Salvadoran civil war. These parties were the FMLN and ARENA, but throughout the years, both parties have seen a number of corruption scandals. From these scand...

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Dec. 15, 2022

El Mozote Massacre

On December 11, 1981, the US trained Atlácatl battalion descended on the village of el Mozote (and surrounding villages) and enacted one of the worst human rights violations in Latin America. They murdered women, children and...

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Dec. 8, 2022

The Ponce Massacre

A peaceful Palm Sunday parade turned deadly in Ponce, Puerto Rico in 1937. 21 Puerto Ricans were killed and more than 200 wounded, all at the hands of US funded Insular Police. In this episode, Cristina tells Carmen about thi...

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Dec. 1, 2022

The History of International Adoption in Chile

Thousands of Chilean Children were stolen from their mothers during the Pinochet regime. They were sent abroad, to adoptive parents, to countries like Sweden, the Netherlands, Denmark, France, Germany and the United States. T...

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Nov. 24, 2022

El Cri-Cri

El Cri-Cri is a fictional cricket created by Francisco Gabilondo Soler. El Cri-Cri is arguably the most famous Spanish singing character, at least for the generation of millennials and above. His more than 200 songs hold a sp...

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Nov. 17, 2022

Prudencia Ayala

Prudencia Ayala was an indigenous woman, writer, social activist and in 1930, she dared to run for president, in a time when women couldn't even vote in El Salvador (or in all of Latin America). In today's episode, Cristina t...

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Nov. 10, 2022

Mustard Gas Experiments During WWII

Latines had a huge role in WWII, from filling in work shortages to filling in ranks in the United States Armed forces. Many Mexican and Puerto Rican members of the military were sent to the Philippines or different Latin Amer...

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Oct. 27, 2022

History of Sterilizations in California: Madrigal v. Quilligan

From 1909 to the 1970s, the state of California performed one third of all sterilizations in the United States. 20,000 sterilizations were performed during these years, to people that did not consent. The case of Madrigal v. ...

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Oct. 20, 2022

The Guatemalan Syphilis Study

The Guatemalan Syphilis experiments were conducted in Guatemala from 1946 to 1948.

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Oct. 13, 2022

The History of Eugenics and Sterilizations in California

Eugenics was developed largely by Sir Francis Galton as a method of improving the human race, eugenics was increasingly discredited as unscientific and racially biased during the 20th century and it also informed many policie...

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Sept. 22, 2022

Cliserio Reyes - The Boy Who Flew

Cliserio Reyes was a young boy in Mexico when the Torreon airport was built. He loved airplanes and dreamed of flying. This is the story of his dream. Since Carmen and I were busy to record together for this week, …

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Sept. 15, 2022

LGBTQ+ Mexican Revolutionaries

September 16th is Mexican Independence day, why not talk about another Mexican war, the Mexican revolution. While people like Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata are discussed when the revolution is discussed, there are people t...

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Sept. 8, 2022

Emma Beatrice Tenayuca

It's labor day week, let's talk about a less known labor movement leader, Emma Beatrice Tenayuca. She was an American Labor leader and union organizer, yet, she's not as well known as other Mexican-American labor leaders that...

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